There is a non-surgical procedure that helps moderately obese people to lose weight without special diets or surgery. We are talking about endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG). This practice, whose application takes about three-quarters of an hour, does not require incisions and basically no hospitalization but general anesthesia.
It involves placing an endoscope through the mouth into the stomach. A series of stitches are made at the bottom of the stomach up to the gastroesophageal junction. In this or that way it makes the stomach “tighter” like an accordion.
Several studies have shown that, in the short term, ESG can stimulate quite significant weight loss. On average, the patients on whom it has been attested lost about 15% of their initial weight, levels of weight loss not comparable to surgery but nevertheless promising considering that we are not dealing with surgery involving surgical incisions and therefore scars.
Being a fairly new practice, however, the long-term effects on patients are not yet known.
According to Mitchell Roslin, head of the obesity surgery program at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City, ESG may be a good initial approach for people with mild obesity and for people with morbid or severe obesity it may not be useful in the long term.
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